Here are 10 most amazing temples of the world. These temples are from Buddhism, Hinduism, Sikhism, and Taoism. These religious people worship in temples, which are architecturally as diverse as the religions are different from each other. So, here is a list of top 10 most amazing temples:
1. Wat Rong Khun: – Wat Rong Khun in Chiang Rai, Thailand is all white temple which is highly ornated with mosaic mirrors to shine. Wat Rong Khun temple is still under construction and is expected to take another 90 years making it a wonder of coming years.
2. Shwedagon Pagoda: – Believed to be built between 6th – 10th century, Shwedagon Paya (or Pagoda) in Myanmar, is termed as “golden temple” which mean that the structure is golden in color. Buddhist people save for years to buy small packets of gold leafs to stick to the temple walls. The spire of the stupa or dome is covered with over 5,000 diamonds and 2,000 rubies. Shwedagon Pagoda housed one of the holiest relics in Buddhism: eight strands of Buddha’s hair.
3. Tiger’s Nest Monastery: – Tiger’s Nest Monastery (Taktshang Goemba), is situated on the edge of a 3,000-feet-high cliff in Paro Valley, is one of the holiest places in Bhutan. Legend has it that Guru Rinpoche, the second Buddha, flew onto the cliff on the back of a tigress, and then meditated in a cave which now exists within the monastery walls. Now the entrance is restricted to practicing Buddhists only.
4. Prambanan: – Built in 850 CE, Prambanan is a Hindu temple in Central Java, Indonesia. The temple is composed of 8 main shrines and 250 surrounding smaller ones. It has walls which narrate stories of Vishnu’s incarnations, adventures of Hanuman (the Monkey King), the Ramayana epic and other legends.
5. Temple of Heaven: – Built in 14th century, The Temple of Heaven is a Taoist temple in Beijing, the capital of China. Everything in the temple, which represents Heaven, is circular whereas the ground levels, which represent the Earth, are square.
6. Borobudur: – In the 19th century, Dutch occupiers of Indonesia found a massive ancient ruin deep in the jungles of Java. What they discovered was the complex of Borobudur, a gigantic structure built with nearly 2 million cubic feet (55,000 m³) of stones. The temple has nearly 2,700 relief panels and 504 Buddha statues. Until today, no one knows for sure when and why it was built, nor the reason for its complete abandonment hundreds of years ago. Some scholars believe that Borobudur is actually a giant textbook of Buddhism, as its bas reliefs tell the story of the life of Buddha and the principles of his teachings. To “read,” a pilgrim must make his way through nine platforms and walk a distance of over 2 miles.
7. Chion-in Temple: – Built in 1234 CE Chion-in Temple is most famous temples in Japan. Visitors to the Chion-in Temple must first pass through the largest gate in Japan: the two-story San-mon Gate. The temple bell is also a record setter: it weighs 74 tons and needs 17 monks to ring it during the New Year celebrations. Chion-in Temple has the “singing” floor of the Assembly Hall which is called a uguisu-bari or nightingale floor. These wooden planks were designed to creak at every footstep to alert the monks of intruders!
8. Golden Temple: – The Harmandir Sahib (meaning The Abode of God) or simply the Golden Temple in Punjab, India is the most sacred shrine of Sikhism. For the Sikhs, the Golden Temple symbolizes infinite freedom and spiritual independence. The site of the Temple began with a small lake that was so peaceful that even Buddha came there to meditate. Thousands of years later, Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism also lived and meditate by the lake. Construction of the Golden Temple began in the 1500s, when the fourth Guru of Sikhism enlarged the lake that became Amritsar or Pool of the Nectar of Immortality, around which the temple and the city grew. The Temple itself is decorated with marble sculptures, gilded in gold, and covered in precious stones.
9. Angkor Wat, Angkor Thom, and Bayon: – Angkor Wat was built in the early 12th century in what is now Cambodia. The world famous temple was first a Hindu one, dedicated to Vishnu. In the 14th or 15th century, as Buddhism swept across Asia, it became a Buddhist temple. The Western world’s got a glimpse of Angkor Wat when a 16th century Portuguese monk visited the temple and eloquently described it as “of such extraordinary construction that it is not possible to describe it with a pen, particularly since it is like no other building in the world. It has towers and decoration and all the refinements which the human genius can conceive of.” His words still rang true today. Tourists visiting Angkor Wat usually also visit the nearby ruins of Angkor Thom and Bayon, two fantastic temples that serve as the ancient capital of Khmer empire.
10. Vishnu Temple of Srirangam: – The Temple of Srirangam (Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple), in the Indian city of Tiruchirapalli (or Trichy), is the largest functioning Hindu temple in the world. Legend has it that a long time ago, a sage rested and put down a statue of Vishnu reclining on a great serpent. When he was ready to resume his journey, he discovered that the statue couldn’t be moved, so a small temple was built over it. Over centuries, the temple “grew” as larger ones were built over the existing buildings. The temple complex is massive: it encompasses an area of over 150 acres (63 hectares) with seven concentric walls, the outermost being about 2.5 miles (4 kilometers) long! The walls demarcate enclosures within enclosures, each more sacred than the next, with the inner-most enclosure is forbidden to non-Hindus.
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