Living in a mud brick structure, homes may frighten people living in western world, still these mud brick structures were considered as a prime material for building houses primarily in rural remote areas. Durability factor of these mud bricks structure were always questioned by people but surprisingly few of the structures stood even for thousands of years.

Top 10 Mud Brick Structures Of the World

Following is a list of top 10 mud brick structures which are truly magnificent and stood by the test of time.

1. Siwa Oasis, Egypt

Siwa Oasis, Egypt historical mud brick structure

This building was build to give relief to the desert travelers with lake.

2. Shibam, Yemen

Shibam, Yemen

The collection of buildings are also called as “Manhattan of the desert”. These are 16th century apartments made up of mud bricks.

3. Aït Benhaddou, Ouarzazate

Aït Benhaddou, Ouarzazate

Very popular mud brick structure covered in the movies like Lawrence of Arabia & Gladiator is an ancient city made up on mud brick. It was popular place for travelers offering hotels and shopping destinations.

4. Bobo Dioulasso Grand Mosque, Burkina Faso, Africa

Bobo Dioulasso Grand Mosque

It is a famous mosque made up of mud bricks but currently it is under renovation and cement is being used to protect it against test of time.

5. Great Mosque of Djenné, Mali

Great Mosque of Djenné, Mali

Built in 13th century, this mud brick mosque building is considered as the largest mud brick structure in the world.

6. Khiva Wall, Uzbekistan

Khiva Wall, Uzbekistan

Built more than 2500 years ago by Shem (Noah’s Oldest son). Ichon – Quala (walls) is a collection of madarshah’s (Islamic schools) and mosques. Same clay was used to build this structure which was used to build Medina by Hz. Mohammad.

7. Arg-é Bam, Iran

Arg-é Bam, Iran

This mud brick citadel was built in 224-636 AD by palm trunks and clay soil. It was a trading center for famous silk road but the 2003 earthquake have destroyed more than half of the structures.

8. Chan Chan, Peru

Chan Chan, Peru

These mud buildings were built by the Chimu kings and they use to live within the citadel. Chemu people were adept potters, metallurgists and woodworkers who used to live outside the walls. Only royal people were allowed to live within the walls.

9. Djinguereber Mosque, Timbuktu, Mali

Djinguereber Mosque, Timbuktu, Mali

Built in 1325 Djinguereber is the made up of straw and mud has reminiscent of American Viga structures.

10. Taos Pueblo, New Mexico

Taos Pueblo, New Mexico

Taos Pueblo is an ancient dwellings, continuously inhabited for about 1,000 years by the Pueblo native people. The homes are made of sun dried mud bricks, which are coated with an adobe plaster. Southwestern adobe is made of clay soil called caliche, mixed with straw for added strength.

Leave me a comment and let me know what do you think about these fascinating man made brick structures of the world. Don’t forget to subscribe to our RSS to receive latest updates delivered to your mailbox.

  • Very old and interesting structures! It is amazing that they are still standing, after all of these years, er…centuries!

  • Alyssa

    Hi! I was wondering how these structures have lasted so long! What about the mud makes these amazing structures stand for so long?
    Thanks!!

  • Katie

    Mud used in these structure was prepared wisely with lots of efforts to withstand the weight of these structures. It’s all mud along with the support of either wooden logs or some other material. Truly amazing mud brick structures isn’t it?

  • Liz

    These buildings are not really made of mud. They are built of dirt that has been compacted very densely – the original builders would have piled lots of dirt between two “shutters” (flat formwork) and then pounded and pounded and pounded until the dirt was very dense. It’s very hard work! But as you can see it lasts very well, especially in a desert. Today adobe (or rammed earth) buildings can be made with an a machine that a shutter on each side and an hydraulic press in the middle. That way you get tons and tons of pressure very quickly! It’s much faster than the old way.